It is essential to take adequate precaution against mosquito bites as they are very painful and itchy. They look like small swollen red blisters. One must be careful not to scratch these blisters even though they itch as that can cause scars and ugly black spots which take a long time to fade.
Chemical Based Mosquito Creams Can Cause Skin Irritations
Mosquitoes should be avoided as they are also carriers of viruses like the West Nile Virus which can cause body ache, fever and weakness for several days.
Female mosquitoes bite humans and animals as they need the blood for their nutrition during breeding. In order to avoid mosquitoes from biting, one can take certain measures.
Mosquitoes are attracted to greenery so they are found in abundance in lawns, gardens and parks. You should wear clothes which cover your arms and legs whenever you go outdoors. Also wear protective footwear instead of sandals while working or playing outside.
It is a good idea to use a mosquito repellant cream or spray before going for any outdoor activity. Most of these creams and sprays contain a chemical called DEET which is certified to be safe for humans.
However, in spite of being proven to be safe most of us would not like to use chemicals on our skin. This is because chemicals are more prone to having side effects like skin allergies and rashes. That is why natural mosquito repellants are gaining popularity today.
Whether you opt for natural mosquito creams and sprays or chemical based ones, at the first application use it very sparingly to check for any redness or allergic reaction. Discontinue the product if there is any irritation.
Avoid Storing Water To Prevent Mosquito Breeding
Natural mosquito repellants are made of plant oils like lemongrass oil, citronella oil, eucalyptus oil, castor oil and garlic extracts. These oils have strong smells which cannot be tolerated by insects. Mosquitoes detect humans due to the carbon dioxide present in their exhaled breath and lactic acid present in the perspiration. The strong smell of the plant oils shields the human body odor and thus keeps mosquitoes away.
However, since plant oils are not as powerful as chemicals you may need to reapply the natural mosquito creams and sprays more frequently if you are planning a long outdoor activity.
Natural mosquito sprays can also be mixed with low cost vegetable oils and sprayed over stagnant water in tubs, ponds and puddles. Water containers encourage the growth of mosquito larvae. The oil film cuts off the oxygen supply to the larvae and kills them. Also the strong smell prevents mosquitoes from breeding. As a precautionary measure, one must avoid storing water in tubs or drums and change the water from time to time.
In case, you do get bitten by mosquitoes wash the area with soap and water to reduce the inflammation and itchy sensation. You can also apply an antiseptic lotion on the bite. Applying a soothing aloe vera cream can also help to reduce the pain and swelling.
As a preventive measure natural mosquito repellants are a good choice as they are both safe and effective.